Kargil must protect intangible assets

3 minutes read

Since Ladakh declared a Union Territory and particularly after few so-called leaders joined BJP, we have observed a steep upsurge in comments and discussion among people of Kargil. Few things need to contextualise in this context. Why people in Kargil, in comparison to other districts and societies, concerned more on social issues? Are this concern and uproar useful or problematic? Questions like this are a matter of research for social science students.

In issues like that of the university, divisional status, Union Territory, airport etc. we have seen people in Kargil quickly responding for their social concerns. In village life also people are cooperative; villagers extend encouragement, economic support, human resource support etc. to each other in need. Students from Kargil studying in other cities also stay together in the form of associations and organisations. All these shows that people in Kargil have a strong bonding with each other. This bonding results in their concern for their common social, economic and daily issues.

From where this bonding came from? Ethnographic observation of villages in Kargil brings to the conclusion that villages in Kargil have frequent festive and religious gatherings. Festive gatherings like marriage, celebrations of birth, death anniversaries, Mindok Rgyaspa, Mamani, Losar; religious congregations like Moharram, Eid, Orchay etc. tie people like pearls in a thread. These frequent gatherings allow them to know each other concerns and happiness. That is why a prominent leader had said, “Whatever we have is from Ashura and Imam Hussain (a.s.)”.

These bonding cause easy assemble, gathering and response to any common social concern. In a society where people are concerned and aware of their rights could hardly exploit by others. The unity and interest among people in Kargil saved the community over issues like Divisional Status and University. If unity persists, God Willing Kargil will triumph in the current struggle against the imposition of Union Territory.

It means that these concerns are intangible assets of society. Societies that have active people, concerned minds, throbbing hearts, restless bodies could protect their interest and values from external and internal threats. This bonding is an asset; SAVE IT!

A primary concern that needs attention from the whole society is to save this bonding from spoilers. Who are spoilers? Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, PUBG, Tik Tok, and wastage of time with mobile will spoil your bonding with other people around you. If you waste your time with these things, you will not get enough time to spend with your kith and kin.

So, these concerns and throbbing hearts for each other are blessings and bounties. In current situations, instead of spoiling your anger and anxiety in social media gossips; fruitful discussions, policy formation and positive actions will be better for the whole society.

Buddhist – Muslim discord in Kargil: Things you need to know?

A controversy has been erupted in Kargil district of Ladakh when the Buddhist community of the District demanded separate district for Buddhist majority villages. The Buddhist Community of Kargil in a letter to Governor demanded separate district for Buddhist majority areas.

Following the statement, reaction from both the influential Shia Muslim organisations became public on Friday prayers.

On Friday (23 August 2019) prayers President of Anjuman e Ulema e Isna Ashriya Kargil, Sheikh Nazir ul Mehdi said:

Sheikh Nazir ul Mehdi speaking on an occasion. The image is old and symbolic.

The Buddhist Association of Kargil in a letter to Governor has maintained that (villages) Bodh Kharboo, Wakha, Shargole, Garkone etc consist of 14 villages should grant status of a separate district as people of Kargil oppress them. This is what they have given us as return for our good behaviour with them. A perfect example of Sharafat ka Najaiz Faida. As much as we showed respect to them, they crossed every boundary. They have mentioned that the (Hill Development) Council, Border Development (etc.) gives them nothing.  They are not allowed to construct Sarai and Gonpa (monastery) etc. After all they have included all lies. If we look in reality there is no single Buddhist village without road. However, many Muslim villages likes Itchu, Sharchay etc have no road yet. They always exaggerate things. I would like to communicate them today; if they want to create discontent and conflict in the society, we will not allow them to do so. Listen, with your open ears. If we want, we can observe Ashura (procession of 10th Day of Moharram) in Bodh Kharboo, Zanskar. Do justice and live with justice. The development in Buddhist areas is much better than other areas of the district. I appeal the administration also to stop such kind of distorts. If anything, displeasure embarks unwantedly, you will be responsible for that.


On the same Friday, Chairman of IKMT, Sheikh Sadiq Rajai said in this regard:

Sheikh Rajai
Sheikh Sadiq Rajai speaking on Friday. The image is old and symbolic.

Amid the anxiety in J&K that is caused by reorganisation of the State, some other issues have been deliberately raised to neglect the former one. Beware that it could be a wicked deliberate attempt. Don’t circulate and listen to rumours. Now they (Buddhists) have said that the Kargili Shia community has not allowed them to construct Monastery. This is a baseless statement. Wherever there is Buddhist settled, Monastery has already constructed and functional. If someone ask to construct a mosque at a place in Jhalandar where no Muslim are settled, what would they say? Obviously, their reply will be, why you need Mosque here as there is no Muslim? If in a Buddhist area I ask to construct a Mosque what would you say? You will reply, why you need Mosque here? Similarly, your demand for a Monastery in a complete Muslim area is ridiculous. Then tell me; is this a genuine issue or politically motivated? Their elders have said many times that they have a land at a certain area where they want to construct a Monastery. When saw in official records it was declared as a land of Sarai not Monastery. (Haji Hussain told that the said land is disputed between two communities. The court has also declared it as Sarai rather than Monastery.)

Secondly, you have alleged that Muslim youths have converted immature girls from your community. This is weakness of your religion. They are not immature but they have sensed that this (Islam) religion is safe and appropriate for them. They did not convert for us (Muslims) but for this religion (Islam). Ask these girls; they say that, Islam gives cleanliness, honour, respect and dignity. If you give a minor comparative literature review of Islam and your religion, you will understand the fact.

You further say that we did not eat with you. Yes, this is true, because our religion did not allow us for that. Why we don’t eat. You must conduct a scientific study on that. Islam did not permit Alcohol and Carrion (Murthar meat). Even in Halal meat we don’t eat 15 things/ parts. Because these, according to Islam, are not fit for health of a man. You drink Alcohol and eat carrion and even after that ask us to eat along with you.

Obviously, your girls will embrace Islam. The number is very few because of your restrictions. If restrictions are removed from their free will to study Islam, the number will be overwhelmed. Don’t you have the tradition of polyandry? These religious obligations are not acceptable to mind also. These minor girls screamed for their rights and freedom. We are free from such filthiness. According to some traditions of your religion washing with water is disapproval. We are obliged to perform ablution (Wuzu) five times in a day. We are obliged to perform lavation (Ghusul) of the whole body if we are on Janabat (impurity caused by discharge of semen). You must understand why we perform ablution, Ghusul; why we refrain from alcohol and carrion. If you do not refrain from them, we will refrain from sharing meal with you. We welcome you to read our holy book Quran and Nahjul Balagha. These books are guidance for you (non-Muslims) as well, not only for us (Muslims).

I encourage the clerics to answer such misunderstandings with preaching and rational discussion. I appeal you all to not create misperception, rumours and discord in the society, if you want to coexist peacefully.

After the statement of Sheikh Nazir, a letter bearing number LBA/M-19/1215-23 on LBA’s letter head appeared on Social Media. The letter addressed to the Home Minister Amit Shah by the Ladakh Buddhist Association alleged Organisations in Kargil particularly Sheikh Nazir of infusing communal hatred among people of Kargil against Buddhist Community. (Below is the letter)

LBA Leh on S Nazir statement

LBA Leh on S Nazir statement 2



Principles should be base to choose MP – Sheikh Anwar Hussain


Sh Anwar 1

In the name of God, the most beneficent, the most merciful. All the praise is for him. Blessings and peace upon the household of the prophet (saw) and his followers. Dear believers, men and women, the youth of the Ladakh region greetings to you all. We all gripped in the crisis of the election because of not able to unite the religious organisations over a single candidate. If they had united over a common candidate, we might not have to face all these problems. But unfortunately, two candidates came into the fray. Both the two organisations and some small organisations are campaigning in favour of one and against another.

In this regard, I want to deliver advice to you. I am offering this message from a nook of Qom, because of being a part of this society. Please listen to it and if you find it valid accept it otherwise throw it out.

Dear, we are forced to accept from among two candidates – Sajjad Kaksari and Asgar Karbalai. What should we do? Should we decide on based on the organisation or basis of principles? This is a matter of great examination for all of us.

I site you an example. If the government ask us to appoint a principal for a school from among many youths in the area, knowingly or unknowingly people would choose either of these two options in taking this decision: Amanathdary (Truthfulness) or Khayanat (betrayal). If the people of the area are truthful, no dispute will arise over the decision. They would say that the best, talented, and suitable should appoint as principal and there is no need for prolonged arguments. But if they are politically or materially motivated, they would get into a conflict of region, caste or religion and would appoint a less qualified person. Is this betrayal or truthful with the future of the children in the area? This is like chopping one’s legs with an axe. This is spoiling the future of children.

If one says that a new face is required, youth is needed, it is a betrayal. What should be the criteria? Aged or youth, Sheikh or Syed, minority or minority or quality matters? There is a particular requirement for the post of principal; so, one who possesses these requirements should appoint on the vacancy. That would be the best decision for the future of children.

Similarly, if appoint a CEC, for which the people have no direct right to appoint but appoint by the councillors, should nominate the best qualified from among themselves. There is development in areas, even in non-Muslim countries like Europe because of electing representatives with a principle. Principles should be the criteria rather than, age, region, party or something else. If followed principles in the appointment, then only justice is made with this particular post.

If I say in other words, I would say that this election is not between two individuals or between IKMT or ISK. This is a matter to decide the future of our region. Some say that because of two candidates in Kargil the seat would slip out of their hands. You should not concern only for Kargil but for the whole region. You should concern the entire country or state as the whole. Now you are not choosing a CEC or MLA but a Member of Parliament. This is a representative of the whole region not of a particular organisation, region, Sout, Karchay, Shakar Chiktan etc. This is not a matter to dispute based on region or Leh or Kargil. Even our intellect says that the best person from the area should appoint for the welfare of the whole region.

We should appoint the best person who would represent the Ladakh region among other around 500 MPs in the parliament. We may have someone more qualified, senior from them. But now in this current scenario, we have to choose the best from among these two. Above region, religion, caste and party, our decision should guide by intellect, mind and principles. For this decision, you have to forget all those bitter tastes and discords, if you have with the best person from among these four MP candidates in the fray.

I site you another example. To become an MP, one must possess some experiences. He should be a councillor, MLA and then an MP. He should go step by step. This is stupidity to bring youth to parliament who have zero experience of politics. I am not aimed to defame or weaken a particular candidate. Giving suggestions and gaining experience on the ground are two different things. It needs experience. Reverberating, what can do and what not in Urdu and English words would only examine well once get into the field. Thus, there is no question of aged vs youth, IKMT vs ISK, Congress vs NC etc. You shall cast your vote for the best-qualified person for this particular post. God willing, we would not fall in a loss.

How much experience and capability our MP should have who would be on the field with the most experienced politicians from all over India. He would serve the region, State and the whole country. Is it right to handover an aeroplane to a truck driver no matter how good he is in his truck driving. These two things are two different things. A person from one field cannot handle in another field.

The message delivered by Sheikh Anwar Hussain Sharafuddin is translated by Ladakh Express team with due permission from the speaker.

…ایک کہانی اتحاد کی


کہانی تب شروع ہوتی ہے جب اسلامیہ اسکول میں اسلامیہ اسکول اور امام خمینی میموریل ٹرسٹ کے اتحاد کے نام پر ایک بھونچال آتا ہے اور اسلامیہ سکول کے نیے صدر جناب ناظر المہدی صاحب کا انتخاب جناب سید جمال الدین صاحب کو ہٹا کر ہوتا ہے جو اُس وقت اتحاد کرنے کے لیے سب سے پیش پیش ہوتے ہیں اور اس حد تک کامیاب بھی ہو جاتے ہیں کہ دونوں فریقوں میں لگ بھگ اتحاد کا سلسلہ آخری مرحلے میں ہوتا ہے۔
صدر بننے کے بعد جناب ناظر المہدی صاحب آہستہ آہستہ سحر ٹی وی پر نشر ہونے والے جلسہ و جلوس میں خاصکر(مطلب خاصکر) نظر آنے لگ جاتے ہیں۔ تبھی کرگل میں ایک انقلاب آ جاتا ہے اور لوگ علم جناب حضرت عباس ّ کی محبت میں پلکیں بچھایے انتظار میں لگ جاتے ہیں۔ اس دوران پتہ چلتا ہے کہ اس علم کے لانے میں سب سے بڑا کردار جناب سجاد کاکسری صاحب کا رہا ہے۔ لوگوں کا جزبہ ایمانی دیکھ کے فلک بھی رشک کرنے لگتا ہے اور علم کی زیارت سے سب ہی اپنے دلوں میں ٹھنڈک محسوس کرتے ہیں۔
آہستہ آہستہ بات پرانی ہو جاتی ہے۔
تھوڑے عرصے بعد جناب شیخ ناظر المہدی صاحب سکردو چلو کا نعرہ بلند کرتے ہیں اور اسکی رہنمایی جناب سجاد کاکسری صاحب کے حوالے کی جاتی ہے۔ بہت کوششیں کی جاتی ہیں پر یہ نعرہ انکے خواہشوں کے بر خلاف ٹھنڈی پڑ جاتی ہے کیونکہ اس نعرے میں کرگل کے با شعور عوام کو کوی فایدہ نظر نہیں آ رہا ہوتا ہے۔
اسی اثنا میں کرگل میں ڈیویژنل سٹیٹس کا مسعلہ آ جاتا ہے اور پھر سے کرگلی عوام کی رگوں میں خون دوڑ جاتا ہے۔ ہر کوی چاہے وہ عام ہو یا خاص مذہبی و سیاسی جماعتوں کو ایک ہونے کہ صلاح دیتے ہیں اور الللہ کے کرم سے ایک کمیٹی بنتی ہے جس کا نام جے ار سی (JRC) رکھا جاتا ہے اور سب ایک سٹیج پر جمع ہو جاتے ہیں۔ پوری امت کرگل ملکر ایسی آواز بلند کرتے ہیں کہ ہندوستانی ایوان ہلا کر رکھ دیتے ہیں اور کامیابی سے ہمکنار ہوتے ہیں۔ الحمد الللہ
کچھ عرصے بعد ایم پی کا الیکشن ہونا ہوتا ہے اور سارے لوگ اسی خواب غفلت میں پڑے رہتے ہیں کہ اس بار تو ہم متحد ہیں اور ایک کینڈیڈیٹ کو کھڑا کر کے ہم بازی مار لیں گے۔ کرگل کے سارے عوام جے ار سی (Joint Resistance Committee ) سے اُمیدیں لگاے ہوے ہوتے ہیں کہ اج یا کل یہ ملکر ایک میٹنگ کریں گے کہ اچانک سیاست کو طلاق دینے والے اپنی مرضی سے سیاسی جماعتوں کو طلب کر کے ایک تجویز پیش کرتے ہیں کہ اپ سب ملکر کسی کینڈیڈیٹ کا نام دیں تاکہ اتحاد قایم ہو سکے؟ ؟؟
یہ ایک سوچی سمجھی چال ہوتی ہے کیونکہ ان کو بھی معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ ایسا نا ممکن ہے کہ سبھی سیاسی جماعتیں ملکر کسی ایک کے نام پر سر تسلیم خم کر دیں۔
پھر مذہبی جماعتوں کو بلایا جاتا ہے۔ جس میں دو ہی نام رکھے جاتے ہیں کیونکہ دوسری جماعتیں ملکر اسلامیہ اسکول اور امام خمینی میموریل ٹرسٹ کے حوالے کر دیتے ہیں کہ اپ ہی ایک ایک نام تجویز کریں تاکہ کینڈیڈیٹ کو چنے میں آسانی ہو اور اتحاد قایم ہو سکے۔
جو دو نام رکھے جاتے ہیں وہ ہیں جناب اضغر علی کربلای صاحب اور جناب سجاد کاکسری صاحب (جو اجکل سجاد کاکسری سے سجاد کرگلی کہلوانا زیادہ پسند کرتے ہیں)
کسی کو انکے نام پر اعتراض نہیں ہوتا اور ان دونوں کے نام پر دوسروں سے راے لی جاتی ہے (یا کہیں ووٹنگ کی جاتی ہے) اور جناب اضغر علی کربلای کو زیادہ ووٹ مل جاتے ہیں۔
”یا اللہ یہ کیا ہو گیا پانسہ تو الٹا پڑ گیا”
جب ووٹ زیادہ مل جاتے ہیں تو اعتراضات شروع ہو جاتے ہیں اور میٹنگ برخاست کر کے اگلے دن پھر سے سیاسی و مذہبی جماعتوں کو بلایا جاتا ہے جس میں ایک تنظیم کو دروازے سے ہی واپس لوٹایا جاتا ہے۔(والللہ اعلم)
اسلامیہ اسکول اور کچھ جماعتیں اس بات پر اڑ جاتے ہیں کہ جناب اضغر علی کربلای صاحب نہ ہو باقی چاہے جو بھی ہو۔ کوی بھی ہو چل جاے گا (بیوقوف ہو، جاہل ہو، ان پڑھ ہو، گنوار ہو، کام آتا ہو یہ نہ آتا ہو، چلو کوی بسیجی ہو، امام خمینی میموریل ٹرسٹ کا ہو، چاہے ایک فیصد بھی تجربہ نہ ہو، کچھ بھی ہو، کچھ سروکار نہیں کیونکہ ہمیں ایم پی جتا کر لہہ والوں کو دکھانا ہے) (الللہ کی پناہ)
اس بات کو سمجھانے کی کوشش میں کہ ہمیں صرف ایک ایم پی نہیں بلکہ ایک ایسے شخص کو بھیجنا چاہیے جو کرگل کی نمایندگی کر سکے، ایوان میں کرگل کے غیور عوام کی عکاسی کر سکے، تھک ہار کر امام خمینی میموریل ٹرسٹ راضی ہو جاتی ہے اور جناب شیخ بشیر صاحب کے ساتھ یہ پیغام ارسال کرتی ہے کہ جناب اضغر علی کربلای صاحب کا نام واپس لے لیا گیا ہے اور جناب اضغر علی کربلای صاحب کا نام واپس لے کے اس بات کی مہلت صرف صبح نو بجے تک مانگتی ہے کہ کسی دوسرے شخص کو کہ جو اس کرسی کے لیے قابل ہو کو چنا جا سکے۔ کیونکہ امام خمینی میموریل ٹرسٹ کا موقف بلکل صاف رہتا ہے کہ نمایندہ ایسا ہو جو کرگلی عوام کا سر جھکنے نہ دے۔ پر اتحاد کے اڑ میں اپنی سیاسی روٹیاں سیکنے کی کوشش میں جو لگے تھے انہیں یہ بات نا گوار گزرتی ہے کہ امام خمینی میموریل ٹرسٹ نے جناب اضغر علی کربلای صاحب کا نام واپس لے لیا اور اتحاد ہونے کے امکانات وسیع ہو گیے۔
ہڑ بڑی میں ان سب لوگوں و جماعتوں کے جزبات، جو یہ چاہتے تھے کہ اتحاد ہو، کو بالاے طاق رکھ کر دوسرے ہی دن جناب سجاد کاکسری صاحب کو نامزد کیا جاتا ہے۔
پھر اج تک نہ اتحاد کی بات کرتے ہیں اور جو چاہتے تھے کہ اتحاد ہو انکا سامنا بھی نہیں کرتے۔ اپنے صدر و کینڈیڈیٹ کو لے کے میٹنگ میں وہ اتے ہیں جنکا دل صاف ہوتا ہے اور وہ جناب شیخ رجای صاحب اور جناب اضغر علی کربلای صاحب ہوتے ہیں۔ شاید وہ جانتے تھے کہ اگر کسی نتیجے پر نہیں پہنچتے تو زیادہ سے زیادہ قرعہ لگایا جایے گا اور وہ الللہ پر توکل کر کے آ جاتے ہیں۔
افسوس صد افسوس کہ پھر بھی اج کچھ لوگ کہتے ہیں کہ شیخ بشیر صاحب اور جناب اضغر علی کربلای صاحب اتحاد کے حق میں نہیں۔
جناب شیخ ناظر المہدی صاحب اس صدر کو ہٹا کے آیے تھے جو اتحاد کے خواہاں تھے اور اج کچھ لوگ جناب شیخ ناظر المہدی صاحب سے امید کر رہے ہیں کہ وہ اتحاد کریں گے
الللہ کی پناہ


The article is written by a Kargili who want to be anonymous. The article is published with a pure intention to keep an account of the developments in the region. Ladakh Express entertains write-up from writers. You can send us your piece on ladakhexpress[@]gmail.com

Divisional Status for Ladakh: A Boon or a Curse?


In a decision, that called “hasty” by many, the government recently granted divisional status to Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir with “headquarter in Leh”; decided to review later after massive protest from Kargil. The move that departs Ladakh in administrative and revenue affairs from the Kashmir valley came only after a month when the Governor of the State Satya Pal Malik announced a cluster university in the region, in Buddhist dominated district Leh. This Leh centric decisions in the period of Modi government is perceived as “discriminative” by the Muslim dominated Kargil district.

Many thinkers and political analysts have seen this move as a political stand to garner vote bank in the region. Ladakh had embraced the BJP in 2014 Lok Sabha elections by electing their MP from the party. However, due to unfulfillment of the demands by the BJP, the former MP Thupstan Chhewang resigned recently. For the BJP, who potentially would be successful to garner majority of Assembly as well as Lok Sabha seats in Jammu region, Ladakh would prove to be a deciding factor. Thus, this hasty decision is seen as an attempt to appease Ladakhi people for election to secure two MLA seats and the MP seat. However, the discriminative approach has bringing the two communities as well as districts of Ladakh against each other, contrary to their unfathomable history of coexistence.

The recent “discriminative” move to grand both the developments to Leh has been added to the past grievances. It is a widely spread notion among people in Kargil that government have always discriminated them relatively against Leh where the headquarters of BSNL, passport office, airport, jail, etc have been established. The powerful organisation in Kargil Imam Khomeini Memorial Trust (IKMT) in a press conference observed disappointment on the decision, describing the grant of divisional status and cluster university “lollipop”. Another prominent leader from Kargil and former MLC Syed Ahmed Rizvi declared the decision “unjust” and appealed the governor to review the decision. Urging all organisations in Kargil to unite over the issue, he questioned the behaviour of the govt, saying, Is not Kargil part of India? In a video message he showed concern over spoiling peace in the region due to “unjust and discriminative” approach, that he said, “tang aa’mad ta jung aamad” (frustration leads to war).

People in Kargil are smearing with fear that they have to face consequences of having headquarter in Leh. Before 1977 when Kargil was not formed a separate district, people had to relied on Leh even for preparation of a small document. Ahmed Rizvi has concerned that they have to up-down from Leh to Kargil for even small issues if Leh is made the headquarter. Another shade over fate of Kargil is that the new headquarter in Leh (220 km) is farther than the existing one in Kashmir (205 km). That is why, IKMT suggested to decide the location for headquarter themselves at local level in a joint conversation with leaders from Leh. Some leaders including the former MLA Asgar Karbalai had suggested a rotational headquarter: Leh for winter, as Leh have connectivity in winter and Kargil for summer due to its proximity with Kashmir as well as Zanskar. Now, the disputed decision has perceived as a betrayal by the Modi government.

The demand for Central University was a joint effort of student associations of both the districts. But from the day first there was a murmuring speculation from Kargil side over the location to establish the university. It was also because of the past experiences of “discrimination” by the government. Nonetheless, the demand for Divisional Status was initiated by the Kargil district that had later supported by the LAHDC Leh in December last year.

The divisional status is also seen as a “step forward” to the largest demand of Union Territory (UT) status by the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council Leh in its press release. The discomfort would further intense in case of granting UT status which is strongly opposed by almost all major groups in Kargil.

The communal discord fuelling by the discriminative approach could be sensed from the confrontational argument between the leaders of the two districts. Recently, exchange of harsh words took place between social and religious leaders of both the communities. The Ladakh Buddhist Association (LBA) from Leh had labelled the religious organisations in Kargil “political” instead of religious. It had retaliated with striking response from the later.

Potentially a co-incidence, this discriminative move was accompanied with soaring Kargil led demand for opening of Kargil-Skardo road. Apart from economic and cultural benefits attached to the road, this demand could be seen as a rise of ethnic-identity against state-nationalism. A public speaker in Delhi had once said that Balti people in both side of the border (India and Pakistan) are loyal to the state. In the whole state of J&K also the people of Kargil are seen as patriotic and loyal to state who had assisted the Indian army to cross the Zoji Pass in 1971 war with Pakistan. However, the alienation of Muslim majority Kargil has also eroding their loyalty for state.

Hasty decisions for political interest would yield grave concern for peace. The discriminative approach has been fuelling communal discord and eroding the communal harmony in the region. It also pushes the people at the border to stand against the state.


By: Anwar Ali Tsarpa

Research Scholar at Nelson Mandela Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution, Jamia Millia Islamia.

IKMT-ISK Unity: Two friendly Quarrels With Amaa Bu

Amaa Bu

Note: Amaa Bu is an anonymous Kargili, active on social media.

In his recent response Amaa Bu had pointed out two key points as a hurdle in the peace process between IKMT and ISK. Firstly, he said that despite of being Various similarities in religion, rituals, language, identity, ethnicity and innumerable other things, there are some key differences in terms of ideology between the two organisations. More exactly he said that differences are in interpretation of things, that are similar in outlook. Secondly, he questioned the cause for unity. Why Unity for materialistic benefits rather than for a greater cause like ideology or religion. I partially agree with the former and totally agree with the later.

Let me explain.

Firstly, in first friendly quarrel with Amaa Bu I would say that we have more similarities than differences. We have more point for agreement than points for contention.

Secondly, you said that those differences could understand only by few people, let’s say the intellectual class. My point is, why we need to fight over a point that we don’t understand? To solve such issues there should be discourse between clerics of both the organisation who have understanding of those differences. Moreover, these issues are differences of opinion which must be confined to opinion. It should not lead us to antagonist relations.

Thirdly, Interpretation is different by different scholars even for Quran and traditions of the infallibles. It is the beauty of Quran, traditions and the religion that give different lesson to different people according to his capacity to catch. But I don’t deny that there are elements who deliberately misinterpret Quran and tradition for their interest. But this is (potentially) not true in our case.

Fourthly, pursuing for differences leads to identity politics or ethnic conflict like that in Rwanda where the Tutsi and Hutu who had the only difference of their nose killed seven lakh people, that was 70 percent of the Tutsi population, only in a period of 100 days. However, if perceive for similarities, Hindus in India find their ancestral link to Imam Hussain (a.s.) in Karbala. Kashmiri find their links with Imam Khomeini (r.a.). Sometimes feels satisfaction in saying that Imam Khamenei had visited Kashmir when he was President of the country. When these people can unite on small ancestral links which could also be a myth why we can’t unite on basis of all these similarities which are true to the best of our knowledge?

Also Read: Syed Jamal’s three-point agenda for ISK, Peace Process on priority

Second friendly quarrel is not actually a quarrel but an addition to his point. Amaa Bu said that the unity, which is also a Quranic obligation, should be for a greater objective rather than mere materialistic cause. I agree with this. His realisation of such a critical issue reflects that Kargil has plethora of intellectual minds.

I believe that to reach at that level of understanding our society still need more time. At this moment only, few people like you has this issue a real concern. Majority of the people have concern for Roti Kapda and Makan. Most of the time or in almost all cases the ideological debate of the leader would influence or inspire only the maximum of 10-15 percent of the population. You can cross check in history. The slogans that influence the mass is Roti, Kapda and Makan. This is the reality and we have to accept the bitter reality.

So, what I suggest is, for a short period let them unite even for these material benefits. This unity itself would be a step to unite for the greater cause which you are concerned.

Keeping in mind the lengthy article the points have narrowed down. All points need to elaborate. I encourage young writers and novice thinkers to put forward their ideas also; either on this blog or on their own blog.

Your Friend/well-wisher

Anwar Ali Tsarpa

ISK-IKMT Unity Discourse at the Second Level

The three-members committee for peace dialogue meet with Aga Mehdavipur in 2015. 

In order to produce a framework literature to unite the religious organisations in Kargil, I took a small initiative in 2015. I interviewed some prominent figures, analysed and published them on my blog, expecting some response from the people so that the discourse could continue. Because literature is the base of every feasible plan. It also works as a document to know the history for future references. May be 2015 was too early to discuss these things. But when I shared the same thing few days back, I got a progressive response to carry the discourse on another level. A well-wisher with good intellectual potential wrote back some productive and deep analysis in response. I republish it here while requesting him and others (who want to write his feedback in this regard) to write back in a formal way. So that this could work as an authentic literature in future time.

Here you go for the response by @Amaa Bu

Salam alaikum…
The youth are future of the nation. And our society needs young guns like you.

There is a mistake in your analysis. Apart from disagreements regarding functioning and structure of the organisations, there exist conflicts in ideology and beliefs and not everyone is well aware of this. Yes the organisations have the same religion, same school of thought but still there are conflicts in interpretations of certain doctrines and practices. Only a few people understand this. If these issues are resolved, then the conflict will get solved in no time. These conflicts and disagreements didn’t started in Kargil, but yes in Kargil, a new colour was painted.
The core conflict exists even in the middle East, not only in Kargil. So if we are to solve this issue, obviously we need compromise, but the first thing we need is someone who has enough knowledge about Islamic philosophy, modern society/politics and jurisprudence.

Where the integration of the groups are vital, we also need to understand why?
Integration and unity of these two powerful organisations should not be aimed at just material benefits of our society. More emphasis should be laid on the need for religious reforms and other subjects which come under the umbrella of Islam and most importantly to take the society closer to God. The recent protests saw the cooperation of the two groups and most importantly, two ideologies, but for what? Was it aimed at pleasing the masses?
Let’s say tomorrow we protest, in the same way, for Zojila Tunnel. This is another burning issue. One can see how our people get outraged or disappointed at the organisations for not showing unity when we need these things, like Zojila Tunnel.
But tell me , as compared to this matter, how many people talk about a united Friday prayer in the Jamia Masjid?
You see, if not the majority, but an uncomfortable number of our people want the unity of the masses and the ideologies, for material growth of the society, and in a way which is not even sustainable and environmentally feasible. People are looking at the short term benefits and benefits we can get in the Duniya, compromising the environment as well as the Akhira.

Where unity is the demand and need of the hour, having so much potential as well, we need to channel it in the right way. In a way such that it pleases Allah s.w.t and also is environmentally feasible.

Note: Will publish some more analysis on above debate.

Kargil to Silmo photo story

Here are some beautiful scenes I have seen through the lens of my camera this summer. I clicked them randomly while I was on reporting to Silmo village. I don’t remember the name of these villages. Name them if you know. Mention the image No. and type down name of the village in comment. Photo credit: Anwar Ali Tsarpa





















Only this picture is in Wakha, clicked on another day.

LAHDC Kargil Election: An Overview

By Anwar Ali Tsarpa

31 August was quite sunny. On the desert like Kurbathang I could feel the heat a bit more. We had the huge black mountain of Naktul on our left and the Ringmospang on the front. On a little distance river Suru, flowing aggressively. It was indeed, the day of lifting curtains. But not of people’s deeds, but the results of the much-awaited fourth Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (LAHDC) Kargil’s election.

Candidates were roaming around. Their throbbing heart does not allow them to be seated for a longer time. People were greeting and wishing them for best. For all those greetings, unwantedly they had to keep their face smiling. 99 were in fray for 26 seats. Comprised of 23 candidates Congress topping the contenders with 23, followed by local party PDP and Independents 21 each, National Conference had 20 and BJP 15. Major share fell into the kitty of National Conference with 10 seats. In- fighting dragged Congress to 8, PDP and BJP got 2 and one respectively. 5 Independents remained firm with 5 seats.


However, Congress gains the larger share of total votes with 17782 votes, NC remained second with 16688 votes, PDP gains 8495, BJP 2172 independent candidates collectively gains 12037 votes from among 66059 votes casted. Individually, Kacho Mohammad Feroz of INC from Pashkum constituency got highest number of vote 1681. For 83844 registered voters 258 polling stations had established. But the results infused disappointment among many people due to fractured mandate.

This election was different from many past elections due to various reasons. Firstly, sixty-two, relatively young candidates took part for the first time in the LAHDCK elections. Secondly, political analysers have observed that people are shifting towards agenda-based politics from traditional party or organisational based politics. As a result, according to political analysts, bogus votes remained negligible. Shift from traditional to agenda-based politics could be supported from the fact that three polling booths in Trespone constituency boycotted the elections citing their unheard prolonged issues of underdeveloped road, lack of fresh drinking water and lack of proper health facilities. Similarly, Tumail Colony in Pashkum constituency also had boycotted polls in the first half. When I contact them they said their agendas remained unheard.

Congress District President Nasir Munshi said that, choice of voters, unlike in the past elections, are unpredictable. Earlier the people were loyal and obedient to their party, but now their preferences are unpredictable. Similarly, PDP district president Kacho Gulzar also admitted that there is a major shift in the behaviour of the voters.

On the polling day, I got the opportunity to tour in all the three regions to some extent. Staring from Minjee I visited Gound Minjee, Minjee (both male and female), Goma Minjee, Gramthang, Trespone, Gondmangal Pore, Tambis, Kanoor, Tumail Colony, Pashkum, Akchamal, Poyen, Hardas, Chuliskamboo, Goma Kargil, Balti Bazar, Indoor Stadium, Girls Hr. Sec in Kargil town, and Baroo (male and female). On the counting day also, I was to observe the counting process since morning till the end. I observed that people from Drass sector are more passionate in whole election process. The first three constituency counted were from Drass sector. When I reached early in the morning hundreds of vehicles and people from Drass were anxiously waiting for the results outside polytechnic college building, where the counting process held. In the counting room also, they had sign of discomfort and eagerness in their behaviour.

Contrary to Drass sector, people from Zanskar were seemingly less interested in the results. They were so calm in the counting room that we could feel their respiratory process. People from other constituencies were moderately passionate for the results. However, people from Karchay, especially from Trespone, Lankerchey and G.M. Pore were relatively more passionate in the counting room as well as on the polling booth than the people from other constituencies but less than Drass sector.

In the morning, on next day of the results, they were seen in shape of fanatic mob, with huge queue of vehicles, escorting their winner candidates to respective constituencies. However, people from other constituencies were also involved in similar activities but were less passionate.


Government Formation

Due to frequent change in government in the past five years public wanted to get a single party in power. Prior to the election, in a random public interview, many respondents had maintained that they want a single party in power to form a “strong administration”. The political parties also and obviously wanted to get a single party in power. Haji Hanifa Jan had said that based on his past experience only a strong administration will be fruitful for development of Kargil. That is possible only if a single party comes into power with majority of seats in the council. Similarly, Munshi Nasir also had hoped to get 15 plus seats in the council to form a strong administration. But after the results people again seems to be disappointed due to fractured mandate.

In the current situation of fractured mandate, a strong government is possible only if the two largest parties form alliance. Before the elections both Haji Hanifa Jan and Rasool Nagvi of National Conference had wished to form government with the Congress. To form government with the independent candidates is “fruitless and loss for the district”, what Rasool Nagvi termed as “black-mailing”. He had urged the public to “not vote independent candidates” who initiates blackmailing. But unfortunately, we could not smell any efforts from their side to form government with the major parties, in order to form a strong government.

The article was first appeared in the weekly Voice of Ladakh on 7 September 2018.

اپولدنما اور شوکپہ – تحریر انور علی ژھر پا


یوں تو کرگل کے ہر گاﺅں کی اپنی ایک منفرد کہانی ہے۔ کچھ حقائق پر مبنی اور کچھ جزبات کی دین ہے۔ لیکن سچائی سے بڑی حد تک ہم آہنگ ضرور ہے ۔ امتداد زمانہ کے ساتھ اگر چہ تاریخی حقائق متاثر ہوئی ہے تاہم اصلیت کسی نہ کسی شکل اب بھی باقی اور موجود ہے۔اور شعوری اورلاشعوری طور لوگوں کو اپنی طرف جلب کررہی ہے ۔ ایسی ہی ایک کہانی شُک چیک نامی گاﺅں کی ہے جو کرگل خاص سے تقریبا15 کلومیٹر کی دوری پر لیہ کرگل شاہراہ پر واکھانالہ کے دائیں کنارے واقع ہے۔ شک چیک کے لوگوں کو اس گاﺅ ں میں موجودصنوبرکے درخت ( شکپہ)سے ایک دلی لگاﺅ ہے کیونکہ یہ اُن کے پردادا کی یادگار ہے۔ جس نے ان کے گاﺅں کو پہلی بار آباد کیا تھا۔

راقم کاجب اسسٹنٹ ٹورسٹ آفسرمحمد عیسی سے  ایک رسمی ملاقات کے دوران انکے گاﺅں کے متعلق گفتگو کی تو ذیل کی کہانی سامنے آئی۔ بہت پہلے کی بات ہے کہ پشکم میں ایک شخص اپو لدنما کے نام سے رہا کرتا تھا۔ ایک دن وہ اپنے مویشیوں کو دیکھنے سکمبو کے پہاڑی میں چڑھا جہاں اُنہیں ایک صنوبر کادرخت( شکپہ) کا چھوٹا سا پودا ملا۔ اُنہوں نے پودے کو اپنے پرس میں سنبھال کرلے آیا اور نیچے اُترتے اُترتے آج کی شک چیک نامی جگہ کے پاس پہنچی۔ اونچاِئی سے اُنہوں نے اس پودے کو لگانے کا ایک موزون جگہ تلاش کیا تو وہی جگہ پایا جہاں آج پیڑ موجود ہے۔ اُس وقت یہ جگہ جھاڑیوں سے گھیرا ہوا تھا۔ اُنہوں نے پودے کو زمین کے حوالے کرتے ہوئے یہ ارادہ کیا کہ اگر یہ پودا ایک پیڑ کی شکل لے لیتا ہے تو وہ اس جگہ کو آباد کرے گا۔ جب چند سال بعد اپو لدنما اُس جگہ پر واپس پہنچاتو پایا کہ وہ پیڑآس پاس کی جھاڑیوں سے بھی بڑی ہو چکی ہے ۔ لہذا اُنہوں نے اس جگہ کو آباد کیا۔

آج جہاں یہ پیڑ اپولدنما کی نویں نسال کی دیدار پر نازاں ہیں وہیں اپولدنما کی نویں پشت اس درخت کو بابرکت تصورکرتے ہوئے اس سے مستفید ہونے کے ساتھ اسکی آبیاری اور نگرانی میں منہمک ہے۔ اپو لدنما کے صاحب زادے اپو سونمژھیرنگ تھا جن کے بیٹے سونم علی اور اس طرح غلام علی تھا۔ غلام علی کے پانچ بیٹے تھے جن میں سے ایک نصیب علی چھاتی تھنگ میں منتقل ہوئی، دوسرا بیٹا فوکار کے فُو نامی علاقے میں آباد ہوا اور تیسرا کرامبا نامی علاقے میں منتقل ہوا۔ باقی دو، کہا جاتا ہے کہ شک چیک میں ہی آباد ہوے۔ آج ایک خاندان کو حاجی یوسف علی کے نام سے جانا جاتا ہے جو دریا کے اس پار لوچوم میں آباد ہے۔ دوسرا محمد ابراہیم شک چیک میں ہی آباد رہے۔ جن کے اولاد آج بھی شک چیک میں ہی مقیم ہے۔ آج شک چیک میں تقریبا 19 گھرانے آباد ہےں جو سب اپو لدنما کی ہی نسل سے ہے۔


صنوبر یعنی شکپہ درخت کے پاس کچھ مختلف اقسام کے پتھر نصب کیا ہواہے جنہیں کہا جاتا ہے کہ اپو لدنما نے ہی جمع کر کے نصب کیا تھا اور اُس خاص جگہ کو لدنمی تھویور کے نام سے جانا جاتا ہے۔ کہا جاتا ہے کہ پہلے جب لوگوں کے پاس گھڑی نہیں ہوا کرتا تھا تو لدنمی تھویور کو وقت کی شناخت کے لئے بھی استعمال کیا جاتا تھا۔ ان پتھروں پر سورج طلوع ہونے پر لوگ اپنے مال مویشیوں کو پانی پلانے لیتے تھے اورغروب ہونے پر مویشوں کو جمع کرتے تھے، نیز اس کے سائے کو دیکھ کر دوپہر کے وقت کااندازہ لگاتے تھے۔مقامی لوگوں نے سرکار سے اُس شکپہ کو تحفظ دینے کی مانگ بھی کی تھی اور تاریخی درخت سرکار کی جانب سے عملی اقدام کی اب بھی منتظر ہے۔


Note: The article was first appeared in the Voice of Ladakh, Volume:6 | Issue:14, on 21, June 2018.