We always deal with two humans or two contrasting characters in order to learn something. Sometimes its Habil and Ghabil, sometimes Musa and firoon and at times its Hussain and Yazid. But today we will examine only one human , but two contrasting characters, Hor and Hazrat Horr. The first question we should first ask to ourselves is that who was Horr. Why is he an important personality. Whom does Horr represent because I personally believe that every martyr of Karbala represents a person, a phase of our life, a character or a society. So lets try to compile this topic which actually cant be compiled. Lets to come the first question Who is Horr?
Horr is a character and a symbolic representation of all sinners that means all human beings. Horr is a teacher. Horr is the name of action . Horr is a hope of repentance. Horr is an example of mercy. Horr is an example of guidance . Horr initially was a commander in the army of Yazid. He was the man who first stopped Imam Hussain (a.s) in the desert of Karbala. But when he stopped Imam Hussain (a.s) something happened. Imam Hussain a.s saw the army of Horr was thirsty. Their animals were thirsty. He ordered his brother to give water to the army of Horr. The water was given even to the animals of Horr and his army. This surely struck Horr. It created a deep impact on his mind. Allama Iqbal says “Husni Kirdar se Noori Mujasam Hoja ki Iblees bhi tuje dekh kar Musalman Hojaye” and Imam Hussain a.s proved this couplet in the desert of Karbala. Horr became restless. Before few hours he changed his fate. Horr made a decision just before few hours before the battle. He started his journey from the falsehood to the truth. Muhajer-ebn-Ous, who sees him agitated and worried asks:”What’s wrong with you Horr? I am puzzled by your case, by God if I were asked about the bravest man in our army I wouldn’t hesitate to mention your name, and now you are so disturbed and worried?” “I find myself between the Hell and the Heaven, and I have to select between them, and by God I will not choose but Heaven, even if I were cut to pieces or burnt to ashes!” One right decision made Horr , Hazrat Horr.
Horr is you and me. We have to find this Horr in us. No one of us have committed a sin like stopping Imam of the time. But Horr in spite of committing such a big sin finally found the light of truth. A decision of Horr ! A decision changed him. Horr is a hope to all sinners like me that we too can get guided. Horr is a hope to all of us that even if we have committed oceans of sins our God is merciful . We too can become Hazrat Horr. All we need is an inspection. An hour of thought. Who we are? What are we doing? Where is the haq and where are we ? Just spend an hour ask yourself these questions . Kill your nafs and you will become a Horr.
The man who has found “existence” through birth, finds “essence” through choice.
If one grasps the depth of this saying from Imam Sadiq (AS) that “All days are Aashura, and all places are Karbala, and all months are Muharram” one readily feels the extension: “and all human-beings are Horr!”
I am just providing my opinion on this personality “Horr” and it is what I have inferred after reading “Horr” by Dr. Ali Shariati. Being a human I am bound to commit mistakes and my analysis at various points maybe wrong. I would request the readers to correct me because I am ready to take any positive criticism.