Horr – The journey from falsehood to truth

By Mirza Arsalan

Karbala
Karbala

We always deal with two humans or  two contrasting characters in order to learn something. Sometimes its Habil and Ghabil, sometimes Musa and firoon and at times its Hussain and Yazid. But today we will examine only one human , but two contrasting characters, Hor and Hazrat Horr. The first question we should first ask to ourselves is that who was Horr. Why is he an important personality. Whom does Horr represent because I personally believe that every martyr of Karbala represents a person, a phase of our life, a character or a society. So lets try to compile this topic which actually cant be compiled. Lets to come the first question Who is Horr?

Horr is a character and a symbolic representation of all sinners that means all human beings. Horr is a teacher. Horr is the name of action . Horr is a hope of repentance. Horr is an example of mercy. Horr is an example of guidance . Horr initially was a commander in the army of Yazid. He was the man who first stopped Imam Hussain (a.s) in the desert of Karbala. But when he stopped Imam Hussain (a.s) something happened. Imam Hussain a.s saw the army of Horr was thirsty. Their animals were thirsty. He ordered his brother to give water to the army of Horr. The water was given even to the animals of Horr and his army. This surely struck Horr. It created a deep impact on his mind. Allama Iqbal says “Husni Kirdar se Noori Mujasam Hoja ki Iblees bhi tuje dekh kar Musalman Hojaye” and Imam Hussain a.s proved this couplet in the desert of Karbala. Horr became restless. Before few hours he changed his fate. Horr made a decision just before few hours before the battle. He started his journey from the falsehood to the truth. Muhajer-ebn-Ous, who sees him agitated and worried asks:”What’s wrong with you Horr? I am puzzled by your case, by God if I were asked about the bravest man in our army I wouldn’t hesitate to mention your name, and now you are so disturbed and worried?” “I find myself between the Hell and the Heaven, and I have to select between them, and by God I will not choose but Heaven, even if I were cut to pieces or burnt to ashes!” One right decision made Horr , Hazrat Horr.

Horr is you and me. We have to find this Horr in us. No one of us have committed a sin like stopping Imam of the time. But Horr in spite of committing such a big sin finally found the light of truth. A decision of Horr ! A decision changed him. Horr is a hope to all sinners like me that we too can get guided. Horr is a hope to all of us that even if we have committed oceans of sins our God is merciful . We too can become Hazrat Horr. All we need is an inspection. An hour of thought. Who we are? What are we doing? Where is the haq and where are we ? Just spend an hour ask yourself these questions . Kill your nafs and you will become a Horr.

The man who has found “existence” through birth, finds “essence” through choice.

If one grasps the depth of this saying from Imam Sadiq (AS) that “All days are Aashura, and all places are Karbala, and all months are Muharram” one readily feels the extension: “and all human-beings are Horr!”

I am just providing my opinion on this personality “Horr” and it is what I have inferred after reading “Horr” by Dr. Ali Shariati. Being a human I am bound to commit mistakes and my analysis at various points maybe wrong. I would request the readers to correct me because I am ready to take any positive criticism.

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Summary of the Lecture delivered by Hujjat-ul-Islam Sheikh Anwar Sharafoddin

In The Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

All Kargil (Ladakh) Students' Union Delhi Logo
All Kargil (Ladakh) Students’ Union Delhi Logo

A distinguished lecture on “Inqilab-e-Hussaini wa Islaah-e-Maashara” (Sacrifice and Revolution of Imam Hussain (a.s) and its Message for Unity in Society), was organized by All Kargil Ladakh Students’ Union Delhi (AKSUD) delivered by Hujjat-ul-Islam Sheikh Anwar Hussain Sharafoddin here at Jamia Ahlubait School, Shaheen Bagh, New Delhi on 11th of November. It was attended by around hundred AKSUD members (students) and non-members.

The speaker, Sheikh Anwar Hussain Sharafoddin, began his lecture by elaborating on the theme of the topic. He started his lecture by talking about the contradiction in todays world of growth of human intellect, science and technology on the one hand and the chaotic world of killings and barbarisms on the other, at the same time.

Talking in general detail about the sacrifice of Imam Hussain (a.s) against the tyranny of Yazid during that time, the speaker pointed towards the fact that there is a Yazid or an oppressor in every period of history. Imam Hussain (a.s), through the battle of Karbala, taught us to confront it. He urged the participants to never bow to a tyrant person –be if his/her own brother.

However, giving an example of Islamic Republic of Iran as a state which has firm commitment in their own belief which was kept under international pressure with “sanctions” against the country for many years the people of the country never bowed to the tyrants. With this example he expressed a paradigm shift in the Islamic world, which had a long history of surrendering to the western world. The lesson which is to learn from this is: if someone is firm in the belief and stood on the right path there is nothing which can derail it.

Sheikh Anwar was particularly ecstatic in sharing his practical experiences of the interaction with the youth during his visits to Kargil and students from Kargil here at Delhi who are always enthusiastic about being united and curious about knowing the values and belief of Islam.

The speaker appeared to be wholeheartedly urging the youth for a drastic change in the society and induce a positive message in the minds of the students. He firmly assured that the youth from Kargil can play a vital role in the unity of society. He emphasized that the number of people doesn’t matter. All it matters is their firm commitment and belief.

In his rich and thought provoking speech the speaker underlined three major examples. Firstly, the example of Imam Ali (a.s) who had only four followers beside him to fight against the mighty tyrant of his time. Next he pointed was the sacrifice of Imam Hussain (a.s) who had with him only 72 followers to fight against the tyrant ruler of the time, Yazid. Imam Hussain (a.s) fought such a war against the oppressor which is remembered even today after 1400 years. Lastly he gave the example of the twelfth and last Imam Mehdi (ajtf) who is in a state of occultation and need only 313 soldiers to resurrect and fight against the tyrant of his time.

With this example, the speaker agreed upon the seriousness and importance of issues related to unity in Kargil. He seemed to draw upon the subject of involvement of student unions like AKSUD at a level distinct which would be necessary on a different intellectual plane. Talking about it in detail, he said it is indeed a challenging task for the students, but it intends to accomplish a mammoth task of eradicating the division and factionalism from society.

Sheikh Anwar firmly believes that the disunity in society is not a consequence of people’s beliefs in their religion, but when the religion becomes an instrument in the hands of political forces and religious bigots to fulfill their self-vested interests it leads to divisions and take ugly turns.
He also pointed out the loopholes in the present teachings and education of the Islam by some scholars which he described as being the part of the problem rather than being part of the solution. The speaker focused on educating the youth on the lines of pristine Islamic values which is to imbibe the true message of the Quran, the sayings of the infallible Imams and the message of Mujtahids.

The lecture session was a grand success as it encompassed all important issues related to the subject and became an appropriate forum for discussion. The nearly one hour lecture was followed by an interactive session which went on for more than two hours. The speaker addressed each question separately, asked by the participants, in great detail.

While concluding the session, President AKSUD, Mohammad Hassan, delivered the vote of thanks, for the speaker and everyone present. Hujjat-ul-Islam Moulana Askary was specially thanked for readily providing the Hall at Jama Ahlulbait School.

By Haider Ali Askary

Summary of the Lecture delivered by Hujjat-ul-Islam Sheikh Anwar Sharafoddin

In The Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

A distinguished lecture on “Inqilab-e-Hussaini wa Islaah-e-Maashara” (Sacrifice and Revolution of Imam Hussain (a.s) and its Message for Unity in Society), was organized by All Kargil Ladakh Students’ Union Delhi (AKSUD) delivered by Hujjat-ul-Islam Sheikh Anwar Hussain Sharafoddin here at Jamia Ahlubait School, Shaheen Bagh, New Delhi on 11th of November. It was attended by around hundred AKSUD members (students) and non-members.

The speaker, Sheikh Anwar Hussain Sharafoddin, began his lecture by elaborating on the theme of the topic. He started his lecture by talking about the contradiction in todays world of growth of human intellect, science and technology on the one hand and the chaotic world of killings and barbarisms on the other, at the same time.

Talking in general detail about the sacrifice of Imam Hussain (a.s) against the tyranny of Yazid during that time, the speaker pointed towards the fact that there is a Yazid or an oppressor in every period of history. Imam Hussain (a.s), through the battle of Karbala, taught us to confront it. He urged the participants to never bow to a tyrant person –be if his/her own brother.

However, giving an example of Islamic Republic of Iran as a state which has firm commitment in their own belief which was kept under international pressure with “sanctions” against the country for many years the people of the country never bowed to the tyrants. With this example he expressed a paradigm shift in the Islamic world, which had a long history of surrendering to the western world. The lesson which is to learn from this is: if someone is firm in the belief and stood on the right path there is nothing which can derail it.

Sheikh Anwar was particularly ecstatic in sharing his practical experiences of the interaction with the youth during his visits to Kargil and students from Kargil here at Delhi who are always enthusiastic about being united and curious about knowing the values and belief of Islam.

The speaker appeared to be wholeheartedly urging the youth for a drastic change in the society and induce a positive message in the minds of the students. He firmly assured that the youth from Kargil can play a vital role in the unity of society. He emphasized that the number of people doesn’t matter. All it matters is their firm commitment and belief.

In his rich and thought provoking speech the speaker underlined three major examples. Firstly, the example of Imam Ali (a.s) who had only four followers beside him to fight against the mighty tyrant of his time. Next he pointed was the sacrifice of Imam Hussain (a.s) who had with him only 72 followers to fight against the tyrant ruler of the time, Yazid. Imam Hussain (a.s) fought such a war against the oppressor which is remembered even today after 1400 years. Lastly he gave the example of the twelfth and last Imam Mehdi (ajtf) who is in a state of occultation and need only 313 soldiers to resurrect and fight against the tyrant of his time.

With this example, the speaker agreed upon the seriousness and importance of issues related to unity in Kargil. He seemed to draw upon the subject of involvement of student unions like AKSUD at a level distinct which would be necessary on a different intellectual plane. Talking about it in detail, he said it is indeed a challenging task for the students, but it intends to accomplish a mammoth task of eradicating the division and factionalism from society.

Sheikh Anwar firmly believes that the disunity in society is not a consequence of people’s beliefs in their religion, but when the religion becomes an instrument in the hands of political forces and religious bigots to fulfill their self-vested interests it leads to divisions and take ugly turns.
He also pointed out the loopholes in the present teachings and education of the Islam by some scholars which he described as being the part of the problem rather than being part of the solution. The speaker focused on educating the youth on the lines of pristine Islamic values which is to imbibe the true message of the Quran, the sayings of the infallible Imams and the message of Mujtahids.

The lecture session was a grand success as it encompassed all important issues related to the subject and became an appropriate forum for discussion. The nearly one hour lecture was followed by an interactive session which went on for more than two hours. The speaker addressed each question separately, asked by the participants, in great detail.

While concluding the session, President AKSUD, Mohammad Hassan, delivered the vote of thanks, for the speaker and everyone present. Hujjat-ul-Islam Moulana Askary was specially thanked for readily providing the Hall at Jama Ahlulbait School.

Alternative way to integrate religious organisations in Kargil

By Anwar Ali Czarpa

IMG_5356Due to clear sky in Kargil sometimes it happens that the Eid moon become visible in the day time. The Eid than is called “Toe-Eid”, the Mid Day Eid. This Eid is considered to be more elated, celebrating and enjoying as it bring the news of Eid very early.

It was just like a Toe-Eid among the Kargilites especially among the youth, when we came to know that the clerics from Karcha have been took an initiative to mediate talks for integration between the two influential prominent organisations of Kargil. Like toe-Eid it was also more elated as the representative of the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Mehdavipur also encouraged the effort for integration. The prominent well-wisher and representative of Ayatollah Sistani, Molana Qalbi Sadiq from Lucknow also urged the two organisations to cooperate in integrating the two groups.

The letter wrote from the office of Ayatollah Mehadavipur worked as a green traffic light after which the student’s organisations, beginning by AKSUD, wrote series of letters to the chairman of both the organisations urging to integrate “for the welfare of the society”. This reflects the quest of the people to integrate the two religious Idaras. In the mean while people from Kargil to Delhi and youth studying in different nooks of the country are keen to look for the outcome of this historical effort. To remember this in history I would like to name this initiative as “KARCHA PEACE INITIATIVE”.

WHAT KIND OF SOLUTION IS NEEDED?

For the same cause many initiatives have been taken in past also ‘but failed’. The major reasons for the failure were non-cooperation from the disputants and lack of planning from the mediators. In most of the cases one party asked for a “zero sum game”, which obviously would lead to failure of the negotiation. What we needed here is a “win-win solution” for the problem, in which both the party would remain in satisfaction. Both the parties have to compromise on some issues for which Ayatollah Mehdavipur also urged to “cooperate”. If I am not wrong, “cooperate” in the letter means not to come in the talks only, but to make a decision for integration by looking for the greater benefit.

Till date, what happens in the talks doesn’t seem to move towards a positive resolution of the conflict. The Islamia School Kargil (ISK) asked the other party to hand-over all the Muttahhary schools, pay the amount of Qatilgah and Jama Masjid Kargil and to dissolve the whole IKMT with all its major branches. Fortunately IKMT was ready to accept the prolonged list of conditions except dissolution, but on the condition that ISK along with the clerics from IKMT should conduct election for all its posts which have not being done since 1992. This only condition is not being accepted by the other side. In this condition it seems that this effort is also going in vain.

Another solution which I would suggest here is to make a referendum. An open election for all the necessary post of an organisation should do by open the voting right to all the members of both the organisations. The newly elected executives would than own both the organisation under the banner of ISK or by any new name. I think ISK shouldn’t be any problem to anyone as it has the status of central organisation in all Kargil, formed with the consent of whole Kargil.

WHERE IS THE EPICENTRE OF THE CONFLICT?

Everyone knows that both the organisations have no difference remained in beliefs. Both believe in Islamic fundamentals, fourteen infallibles and the Islamic revolution. Both conduct same events with same goal, same banners and same posters with same slogans. It means that the problem is not in ideology or belief. So the problem would be in ‘conflict of interest’. But the question is conflict of interest to whom? It would be so early to pronounce this. In case the situation remains the same or worse than a piece must be needed to pen on these factors also.

I would like to quote an example cited by the prominent cleric Sheikh Anwar. Sheikh said, Kargil is just like a boat and we all are on the boat. In personal antagonism if we all make whole in the boat we all will drown. So the only solution is to get unite and save the boat.

So along with the mediation team another role is for the youth to whom the future belongs to. They should urge both the organisations to integrate for greater benefit of the society rather than remain in group for benefit of few. Along with the organisations the youths should urge all those for integration who are creating hurdle in the way of mediation and integration. Some may thwart this resolution just because of personnel deceitful interest.

If the region really wants to condole Imam of the time, Mehdi (a.s.) on this coming Chehlum of Imam Hussain (a.s.) than everyone should play their own part to bring towards a resolution to the prolonged conflict in the region which is resulting in the backwardness of the region.

Anwar Ali Czarpa is a student of Peace and Conflict Studies at Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi. He is also a pass out of Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi.